TRIPURA STATE RIFLES
In view of growing insurgency in Tripura during 1980s, the State Govt. realized that a force on the pattern of Central Para Military Force (CPMF) was required to be raised to meet the challenge. Subsequently Tripura Legislative Assembly passed Tripura State Rifles Act. 1983. Based on that Act the 1st Bn TSR came into existence on 12th March 1984. This was followed by raising of other battalions. Presently there are 13 battalions of TSR in the State out of which 9 Bns (5th to 13th) are India Reserve (IR) Battalion.
for details of raising of different battalions click here.
Aims & Objectives
Counter Insurgency operations in the State.
Assisting the civil police in maintaining Law & Order.
Assisting the civil administration in relief and rescue work , during natural calamities
Providing security in trouble prone areas by establishing protective camps.
Security of VIPs/ Vital installations etc.
Performance of escort duties etc.
Protect the life and property in the event of any disturbance therein.
Other tasks assigned from time to time.
Camps Manned by TSR Battalions
TSR Battalions are maintaining considerable number of camps in the interior parts of Tripura and performing CI Ops, ROPs, Protection / Security, Special Ops duties etc in the state.
Number of existing camps (district wise) as of now is as below:
West District - 118
South District - 41
North District - 27
Dhalai District - 72
Total = 248
Role wise break up of camps is as follows:
(i) Counter insurgency operations camps -155
(ii) Protective Camp - 66
(iii) ROP duty camp - 20
(iv) Railway Protection camps - 16
(v) Law & Order Duty camps - 01
These camps include 17 camps of ONGC installation for which one TSR Battalion (2nd BN) is engaged. Security duties are also provided to GAIL, Jubilant Gas Co, Shiv Vani Oil Co.etc in addition, according to requisition from time to time. TSR troops are also engaged for Law and Order duties and when required.
Operational Aspects (Broad form of CI strategies
The role of TSR in co-ordination with other CPMFs and various Govt. policies in combating and controlling insurgency in Tripura may be cited as an example. Important aspects of counter insurgency strategies are given below:-
TSR is deployed mainly in the interior areas where maximum extremist movements were noticed.
The deployment of TSR in interior areas and regular operations launched by TSR considerably reduced the movement and hence extortion of money by the extremists has also been reduced. This also worked against consolidation of control by the extremist who were not that much able to frequent their area of influence.
There was tactical change in the TSR mode of operation, Special Operation Group (SOG) was formed in different battalions to conduct anti-insurgency operation in interior areas.
Click here for Operational Achievements in terms of Success
Ensured incident free conduct of Assembly election 2008, Parliamentary Election 2009 and Election of local bodies and TTAADC Election, with assistance CPMF and public co-operation.
JWCI School at Kachucherra was set up by the State Govt. on 7th November, 2001 based on the pattern of Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare (CIJW) School Wairengte, Mizoram. The school imparts training in Counter Insurgency operation and Jungle Warfare Tactics not only to TSR personnel but also to CPMFS like CRPF, RPF and RPSF etc. Till date total 2800 trainees from different organization have undergone training at this school since its establishment.
Recently the MHA vide letter No. 23012/29/2010-PC (Pt) dated 30-07-2010 has conveyed approval for establishment of Counter Insurgency and Anti Terrorist (CIAT) School in Tripura. After survey PHQ has identified 350 Acres of land at Bagbasa, North Tripura for setting up CIAT School.
Going by its track records in successful counter insurgency operation and in upholding human rights , TSR is a force the state can be proud of.
Insurgency & Anti Terrorist School, Kachucherra, Dhalai, Tripura
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